Richard Garnett (philologist)

Richard Garnett (25 July 1789 to 27 September 1850) Was an English philologist, author and librarian at the British Museum (ie what is now the British Library ). His son was also Richard Garnett (1835-1906) and also went into the British Library, making a name for himself as a scholar, biographer and poet. He is also a member of the Bloomsbury Group .

Life

Garnett was born at Otley in Yorkshire on 25 July 1789, the eldest son of a paper maker, William Garnett. He was educated at Otley grammar school , and afterwards learned French and Italian from an Italian gentleman named Facio, it being intended to place him in a mercantile house. This design was abandoned, and he has at home, assisting his father in his manufactory, and teaching himself German, that might be able to read a book on birds in that language. In 1811, he became assistant-master in the school of the Rev. Evelyn Falkner at Southwell, Nottinghamshire, devoting his leisure hours to preparing himself for the church. Within two years he had taught himself sufficient Latin, Greek, And divinity to obtain ordination from the Archbishop of York , whose chaplain pronounced him the best prepared candidate he had ever examined. After a brief settlement in Yorkshire he became curate at Blackburn and assistant-master of the grammar school, and continued there for several years, engaged in incessant study and research.

In 1822 he married his first wife, Margaret, granddaughter of the Rev. Ralph Heathcote , and in 1826 was presented to the perpetual curacy of Tockholes , near Blackburn, he had some time before the acquaintance of Robert Southey , who in a letter to John Rickman calls him a very remarkable person. Learn Greek till he was twenty, and he is now, I believe, acquainted with all the European languages ​​of Latin or Teutonic origin, and with sundry oriental ones. To have read “.

In 1834 he married Rayne, daughter of John Wreaks, Esq., Of Sheffield, and in 1836 Was presented to the living of Chebsey, near Stafford, qui he Relinquished in 1838 is succeeding Henry Francis Cary , the translator of Dante , as assistant -keeper of printed books at the British Museum .

He died of a degenerative disease, 27 September 1850 [1] and he was succeeded at the Museum by John Winter Jones .

Works

The Catholic Controversy of the Protestant Guardian, the most remarkable of which were extremely humorous and sarcastic exposures of the apocryphal miracles attributed to St. Francis Xavier . Charles Butler on the subject of ecclesiastical miracles; But the extreme depression of spirits, by the death of his wife and infant daughter in 1828 and 1829, compelled him to lay it aside. He sought relief in change of residence, becoming priest-vicar of Lichfield Cathedral in 1820, and absorbed himself in the study of comparative philology , Then just beginning to be recognized as a science. Having obtained an introduction to Lockhart, he has contributed in 1835 and 1836 three articles to the Quarterly Review , treating English lexicography , English dialects , and Prichard’s work on the Celtic languages . These papers attracted great attention, and were almost the first introduction of German philological research to the English public. He made the Celtic question peculiarly his own. His conviction of the extent of the Celtic element in European languages, and of the importance of Celtic studies in general-have-been to Was Expressed in an Article in the Quarterly Review is qui For some reason never Appeared. Having obtained an introduction to Lockhart, he has contributed in 1835 and 1836 three articles to the Quarterly Review , treating English lexicography , English dialects , and Prichard’s work on the Celtic languages . These papers attracted great attention, and were almost the first introduction of German philological research to the English public. He made the Celtic question peculiarly his own. His conviction of the extent of the Celtic element in European languages, and of the importance of Celtic studies in general-have-been to Was Expressed in an Article in the Quarterly Review is qui For some reason never Appeared. Having obtained an introduction to Lockhart, he has contributed in 1835 and 1836 three articles to the Quarterly Review , treating English lexicography , English dialects , and Prichard’s work on the Celtic languages . These papers attracted great attention, and were almost the first introduction of German philological research to the English public. He made the Celtic question peculiarly his own. His conviction of the extent of the Celtic element in European languages, and of the importance of Celtic studies in general-have-been to Was Expressed in an Article in the Quarterly Review is qui For some reason never Appeared. He contributed in 1835 and 1836 three articles to the Quarterly Review , treating English lexicography , English dialects , and Prichard’s work on the Celtic languages . These papers attracted great attention, and were almost the first introduction of German philological research to the English public. He made the Celtic question peculiarly his own. His conviction of the extent of the Celtic element in European languages, and of the importance of Celtic studies in general-have-been to Was Expressed in an Article in the Quarterly Review is qui For some reason never Appeared. He contributed in 1835 and 1836 three articles to the Quarterly Review , treating English lexicography , English dialects , and Prichard’s work on the Celtic languages . These papers attracted great attention, and were almost the first introduction of German philological research to the English public. He made the Celtic question peculiarly his own. His conviction of the extent of the Celtic element in European languages, and of the importance of Celtic studies in general-have-been to Was Expressed in an Article in the Quarterly Review is qui For some reason never Appeared. Treatises of English lexicography , English dialects , and Prichard’s work on the Celtic languages . These papers attracted great attention, and were almost the first introduction of German philological research to the English public. He made the Celtic question peculiarly his own. His conviction of the extent of the Celtic element in European languages, and of the importance of Celtic studies in general-have-been to Was Expressed in an Article in the Quarterly Review is qui For some reason never Appeared. Treatises of English lexicography , English dialects , and Prichard’s work on the Celtic languages . These papers attracted great attention, and were almost the first introduction of German philological research to the English public. He made the Celtic question peculiarly his own. His conviction of the extent of the Celtic element in European languages, and of the importance of Celtic studies in general-have-been to Was Expressed in an Article in the Quarterly Review is qui For some reason never Appeared. And were almost the first introduction of German philological research to the English public. He made the Celtic question peculiarly his own. His conviction of the extent of the Celtic element in European languages, and of the importance of Celtic studies in general-have-been to Was Expressed in an Article in the Quarterly Review is qui For some reason never Appeared. And were almost the first introduction of German philological research to the English public. He made the Celtic question peculiarly his own. His conviction of the extent of the Celtic element in European languages, and of the importance of Celtic studies in general-have-been to Was Expressed in an Article in the Quarterly Review is qui For some reason never Appeared.

Though exemplary In His Attention à son duties at the British Museum, He Took little share in the great exchange Then Effected being white in the library under Anthony Panizzi , goal Was an active member of the Philological Society founded in 1842. To its ‘Transactions’ he “On the Languages ​​and Dialects of the British Islands,” and “On the Nature and Analysis of the Verb”. [1]

Garnett is APPROBATION have Contributing to a practical kind of English semantics , lexicography and etymology associated with, distinguished from the philosophical stream Following John Locke. [2]

His epitaph was briefly written by a colleague in the Museum- “Few men have left so fragrant a memory”. Besides his philological essays, edited by his eldest son in 1859, and his theological writings, which have not hitherto been collected, he was author of some graceful poems and translations, and of a remarkable paper. Rivers’ in the Transactions of the Royal Institution for 1818, containing a most graphic account of the phenomenon from personal observation. It is republished along with the essays of his brother Thomas Garnett .

As a philologist he is so characterized in the preface to Mr. Kington Oliphant ‘s Sources of Standard English: [1]

“It is a loss to mankind that Garnett has left so little behind him. Industry is amassing facts he plods like a German, when his playful wit is unmasking quackery he flashes like a Frenchman. “

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c   Garnett, Richard (1890). ” Garnett, Richard “. In Stephen, Leslie ; Lee, Sidney . Dictionary of National Biography . 21 . London: Smith, Elder & Co. citing: [Memoir prefixed to Garnett’s Philological Essays , 1859; Southey’s Letters, ed. Warter, vol. iii .; Cowtan’s Memories of the British Museum ; Prichard’s Celtic Nations , ed. Latham; Donaldson’s New Cratylus ; Farrar’s Essay on the Origin of Language ; Kington-Oliphant ‘ S Sources of Standard English ; Gent. Mag. 1850 Athenaeum , 1859.]
  2. Jump up^ Auroux, Sylvain (2001). Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaften: International Ein Handbuch zur Entwicklung der Sprachforschung von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart . Walter de Gruyter. p. 1620. ISBN  978-3-11-016735-1 . Retrieved 11 November 2010 .

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