European Training Strategy

The European Training Strategy (ETS) of the European Commission outlines findings, objective, and Measures to sustain the quality and recognition of youth work in Europe . It was introduced as part of the European Union’s YOUTH program (2000-2006) and is revised regularly. [1] The most recent version adapted to Erasmus + , covering the time period between 2014 and 2020. [2] [3]

Conceptual Framework

The current version of the ETS is closely associated with a 2009 resolution by the Council of the European Union which describes the “renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field”. [4] Based on several recommendations, the ETS determines the concept of capacity building as a key instrument to address the multifaceted aspects of youth work. [5] In the context of the ETS, capacity building is defined adhering to the three analytical levels of analysis . [6] [7]

  • Micro-level – Human resource development : Strategies and measures to equip individuals working in youth work as employees, freelancers or volunteers with five professional skills (knowledge, skills, attitudes) and access to information .
  • Meso-level – Organizational development : The elaboration of awareness, strategies, processes and procedures within a youth work organization (public, private, and community).
  • Macro-level – Systemic framework development : Making regulatory changes or creating systems and structures to enable organizations, institutions, and agencies at all levels to improve their capacities.


Incorporating its initial definition of capacity building, the ETS outlines six main objectives for sustainability. Each objective is to be implemented under different Key Actions within Erasmus +. Key Actions: Key Actions and Key Activities: Key Action 2: Key Action 2: Key Action 2 Reform (Key Action 3). [8]

The ETS pursues the following objectives [9] [10] [11]

  • Encourages cooperation between the different stakeholders throughout Europe.
  • Generate more knowledge about capacity building and its impact on youth work.
  • Develop a modular system and a set of skills to train trainers.
  • Develop a modular system and a set of skills to train youth workers.
  • Offer capacity building tools at the European level.
  • Support competence building within the Erasmus + National Agencies for the field of youth and their staff.


  1. Jump up^ Marcovic, Darko (2015). “Borders can be Frontiers: The Quality and Impact of the EU Youth Programs in Europe and beyond” (PDF) . Youth work and non-formal learning in Europe’s Education Landscape : 107-129 – via .
  2. Jump up^ “SALTO-YOUTH – European Training Strategy in the Field of Youth” . . Retrieved 2016-10-21 .
  3. Jump up^ Youth in Action: Program Guide . European Commission. 2013. p. 20 – via . The European Training Strategy […] The role of civil society in the youth field. It […] includes communication measures, non-formal learning activities, cooperation of all actors and applied youth and educational research activities. It contributes to support the implementation of the EU Agenda 2020, the EU Council Resolution on Youth Work and the EU Youth Strategy.
  4. Jump up^ “EUR-Lex – 32009G1219 (01) – EN – EUR-Lex” . . Retrieved 2016-10-21 .
  5. Jump up^ Teichmann, Udo (2015). “The European Training Strategy: Capacity Building in Child and Youth Services” (PDF) . Forum Jugendarbeit International 2013-2015 . 2013-2015 – via International Youth Service of the Federal Republic of Germany. The European Commission is contributing to capacity building in the field of youth at various levels: individual experts, organizations working in the youth field, and the (continued) development of .
  6. Jump up^ European Training Strategy in the Field of Youth . European Commission. 2015. pp. 4-5 – via .
  7. Jump up^ Klein, Katherine; Kozlowski, Steve (2000). “From Micro to Meso: Critical Steps in Conceptualizing and Conducting Multilevel Research” (PDF) . Organizational Research Methods : 211-236 – via SAGE.
  8. Jump up^ “What are the Key Actions? Erasmus +” . . Retrieved 2016-10-21 .
  9. Jump up^ Youth in Action: Program Guide . European Commission. 2013. p. 20 – via .
  10. Jump up^ European Training Strategy: A set of Competences for Trainers working at the International Level . Jugend fuer Europa. 2013. pp. 2-3 – via .
  11. Jump up^ European Training Strategy in the Field of Youth . European Commission. 2015. pp. 5ff – via .

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