Employment in Hong Kong

This page gives information about the employment situation in Hong Kong .


Hong Kong has an area of ​​1,103 square kilometer and a population of about 7,055,071 {July 2009 est.}. [1] Despite its small size, Hong Kong is currently ranked the 15th largest exporting country in the world as of 2008. [2]The total value of visible trade amounted to $ 3,548.2 billion in 2003, and exports totalled $ 362.1Bn in 2008. During The period of 2004 to 2007, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew at an average annual rate of 7.3% in real terms, to HK $ 1.627.5 billion (US $ 208.7 billion) in 2007. Per capita GDP reached HK $ 235,134 (US $ 30,157).

At the end of 2007, 3.46 million of the 3.65 million labor were employed full-time, 117,800 were unemployed and 75,500 were considered under-employed. The unemployment rate averaged 4.1% in 2007, the fourth straight year of decline. [3] It has since then Increased to 5.3% by 2009. [4] In 2015, this HAS Decreased to 3.4%. [5]

Labor legislation and labor standards

The momentum in Improving working conditions, Occupational Safety and health and employees’ rights and benefits has-been kept up through an extensive program of labor legislation. Some 42 pieces of legislation were enacted between 1997 and 2001. More are in the pipeline. Hong Kong aims to apply international labor standards as the local circumstances allow. As of 28 April 2000, Hong Kong is following 40 Conventions, exceeding most countries in the region.

Working conditions

The Employment Ordinance provides the framework for a comprehensive code of employment. It governs the payment of wages, the termination of employment contracts and the operation of employment agencies . The Law Provides statutory holidays with pay, sick leave , maternity protection, rest days, paid annual leave and employment protection for employees. All employees have statutory protection against anti- uniondiscrimination. The law also provides for severance pay to workers made redundant , and long service payment to workers with long service who are dismissed for reasons other than redundancy, or on disciplinary grounds, who die in service age. Employees who are owed wages, Wages in lieu of notice and / or severance payments by insolvent employers may apply for ex-gratia payment from the Protection of Wages on Insolvency Fund which is financed by an annual levy on business registration certificates. The Employment of Children Regulations prohibits the employment of children under 15 in all industrial undertakings. Subject to certain protective restrictions, children aged 13 and 14 who are attending school may take up part-time employment in the non-industrial sectors. The Employment of Young Persons (Industry) Regulations. These young people are not allowed to work more than eight hours a day and 48 hours a week. Overtime work for them is prohibited.

Trade unions and industrial disputes

Hong Kong people have the right and freedom to form and join trade unions. At the end of December there were 654 registered trade unions, consisting of 610 employees ‘unions, 25 employers’ associations and 19 mixed organizations of employers and employees. The total estimated membership was around 683,000. Hong Kong has an outstanding record of industrial peace. In 2001, it lost 0.26 working day per 1,000 workers. During the year, the Labor Department dealt with 31,698 labor problems, most of which were grievances involving claims of wages in arrears, wages in lieu of notice and holiday pay. There was one work stoppage, and the number of working days lost was 780.

Minor employment claims adjudication board

One source of employment in Hong Kong is street markets.

The Minor Employment Claims Act was established in the Labor Department in 1994 for the adjudication of claims under the Employment Ordinance. The board hears claims by not more than 10 claimants for a sum not exceeding $ 8,000 per claimant. Hearings are conducted in public and are simple and informal. Claims by more than 10 claimants, or more than $ 8,000 per claimant, are heard by the Labor Tribunal.

Labor Court

The court comes under the Judiciary and provides a quick, inexpensive and informal forum for settling labor disputes. (1). (1). (1). (1). (1). (1). (1). (1) Where an application for a.

Occupational safety and health

The Occupational Safety and Health Commission of the United States of America. To reduce accidents and guard against ill-health, efforts are focused on legislative control, safety training , education and promotion. Under the Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance and the Industrial Undertakings Ordinance, 31 sets of regulations have been made to cover various aspects of hazardous activities in factories, building and engineering construction sites, restaurants, catering establishments, commercial premises and other workplaces. As of 2001 , 126,470 inspections and 12,500 accident investigations were conducted. A total of 2,660 prosecutions were taken out with finales totalling $ 32.3 million. In 2001, 597 training courses on safety legislation for 6,391 people and 218 tailor-made briefing sessions for 6,874 employees in private and public sector organizations were given. Safety and health publications, public transport service stations, public utilities service counters and government offices. The Occupational Safety Charter of the United States of America, 2001, 558 organizations, including employment and employee bodies , Have subscribed voluntarily to the charter. Five major publicity campaigns were launched in 2001, including a safety award to promote safety in the construction industry. Industry and Industry Undertakings and Industrial Undertakings (Loadshifting Machinery) Regulation, and Production of Two Television Announcement in Public Interests and Four Radio Announcement in Public Interests.

Employees compensation

Under the Employees’ Compensation Ordinance, an employee is liable to pay compensation to an employee who suffers from an accident. All employers are required to have valid employees’ compensation insurance policies to cover their liabilities both under the ordinance and at common law. The Employees ‘Compensation Ordinance is administered by the Employees’ Compensation Division of the Labor Department, which handled 201 fatal accident cases and 67,540 non-fatal cases in 2001. Among these non-fatal cases, 10,722 were minor injury cases with sick leave not exceeding Three days. The division also provides administrative support to the Employees’ Compensation Assessment Board which assesses the percentage of permanent loss of earning capacity suffered by injured employees. The Pneumoconiosis Compensation Fund, which is financed by a levy on the construction and quarrying industries.

Finding employment

The Labor Department provides free recruitment assistance to job seekers through a Job Vacancy Processing Center, a Telephone Employment Service Center and 11 Job Centers (including two employment and guidance centers for new arrivals) distributed over the territory. Through the Job Matching Program, the Job Centers provide briefing, intensive job-matching and counseling services to unemployed job-seekers. (IES) ( http://www.jobs.gov.hk ) provided by the department on the web to submit vacancy information or registration for placement service. All vacancies are advertised on the web site for public viewing. Members of the public may access the computers, public libraries, public libraries and post offices, and public information kiosks distributed over Hong Kong. To improve its operating environment and improve the quality of service, the Labor Department has re-provisioned its Job Centers to include such facilities as briefing room, reading area and audio-visual corner for job-seekers. Telephones, fax machines and computers with internet connection to the job search engine. To improve its operating environment and improve the quality of service, the Labor Department has re-provisioned its Job Centers to include such facilities as briefing room, reading area and audio-visual corner for job-seekers. Telephones, fax machines and computers with internet connection to the job search engine. To improve its operating environment and improve the quality of service, the Labor Department has re-provisioned its Job Centers to include such facilities as briefing room, reading area and audio-visual corner for job-seekers. Telephones, fax machines and computers with internet connection to the job search engine.

Employment assistance to people with disabilities

The Selective Placement Division provides free employment assistance to people with disabilities seeking open employment. The service caters for the visually impaired, impaired hearing, physically handicapped, chronically ill, mentally handicapped and ex-mentally ill. During 2001, the division recorded 4,128 registrations and achieved 2,348 investments.

Employment distribution

Total employment in the third quarter of 2007 was 3.52 million. The employment distribution among various industries was as follows:

Industry Sector Employment (mn) Distribution (%)
Wholesale, retail, trade, catering, hotels 1056855 30.1%
Finance, insurance, real estate, business services 509.257 14.5%
Community social and personal services 465.356 13.3%
Transport, storage, communications 189.812 5.4%
Manufacturing 155.968 4.4%
Civil Service 153.768 4.4%
Other 1073500 30.6%
Total employment 3512100 98.3%

(Note: There may be a slight discrepancy between the sum of the individual items and the total as shown in the table owing to rounding)

Hong Kong’s economy has historically been driven by its status as one of the major transport and logistics hubs for East Asia. In more recent years, Hong Kong has seen other sectors become more important in its economy. Financial and banking services have become a much larger part of the high-end economy in Hong Kong and one of the major drivers of economic growth. The growth of these businesses has helped Hong Kong keep its position as one of the world’s top economies.


See also: Minimum wage in Hong Kong and List of minimum wages by country

At a minimum wage law was passed in Hong Kong in July 2010. It requires the Chief Executive of Hong Kong to propose a minimum wage level, which will be for the first time in November 2010; The Legislative Councilwill either approve or reject the amount. The law does not give the Legislative Council the power to Amend the amount, and it is not applicable to foreign domestic helpers , who, under the law SPECIFICALLY governing employment of foreign domestic helpers, earn a minimum of HK $ 3,580 per month. [6] The wage level prevailing is essentially the result of interplay of supply and demand. Wages are usually calculated on hourly, daily, monthly, or piece rates. In September As of 2007 , the average monthly wage rate for the supervisory, Technical, clerical and miscellaneous non-production workers was HK $ 11,712. Based on the wage indexes, the average wage rate for this group of workers rose by 1.8% per annum in 1995-2007, and by 1.5% per annum in real terms. [7] The small difference is due to severe consumer price deflation. The HK $ 565.60 at the end of 2007. [8]

In November 2010, the Hong Kong SAR Government agreed to set a minimum wage level of HK $ 28 (UK £ 2.29 or US $ 3.60) per hour. In May 2013, this was raised to $ 30HKD per hour. [9]

Effective May 1, 2015, the minimum wage was raised to HK $ 32.50 per hour.

See also

  • Economy of Hong Kong


  1. Jump up^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/hk.htmlCIA World Factbook – Hong Kong
  2. Jump up^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2078rank.htmlRanking of countries by Export $
  3. Jump up^ Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics, March 2008
  4. Jump up^ http://www.pacificbridge.com/asianews.asp?id=417
  5. Jump up^ “Hong Kong unemployment rises to 3.4pc” .
  6. Jump up^ “Hong Kong OKs minimum wage law” . The Times of India . 17 July 2010 . Retrieved 19 July 2010 .
  7. Jump up^ Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics, March 2008, p. 37.
  8. Jump up^ Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics, March 2008, p. 36.
  9. Jump up^ http://www.labour.gov.hk/eng/news/mwo.htm . Missing or empty( help ) |title=

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