Career management is the combination of structured schedule and the active management choice of one’s own professional career . (Valentich & Gripton, 1978). This paper presents the results of a career-oriented career development program. Career orientation to the overall design or pattern of one’s career, shaped by particular goals and interests and identifiable by particular positions that embody those goals and interests. Career strategy pertains to the individual’s general approach to the realization of career goals, and to the specificity of the goals themselves. Two general strategies are adaptive and planned. Career tactics are actions to maintain oneself in a satisfactory employment situation. Tactics may be more or less assertive, with assertiveness in the situation referring to actions taken to advance one’s career interests or to exercise one’s legitimate rights while respecting the rights of others.
Valentich and Gripton define success as managing one’s career and achievements. The outcome of successful career management should include personal fulfillment, work / life balance, goal achievement and financial security.
A career includes all types of employment ranging from semi-skilled through to professional. Careers in the United States of America. In recent years, however, we have now included changes or modifications in employment during the foreseeable future.
The following classification system with minor variations is widely used:
- Development of overall goals and objectives,
- Development of a strategy (a general means to accomplish the selected goals / objectives),
- Development of the specific means (policies, rules, procedures and activities)
- Systematic evaluation of the progress towards the achievement of the selected goals / objectives to modify the strategy, if necessary.
Goals or objective development
The career management process begins with setting goals / objectives. A relatively specific goal / objective must be formulated. This task may be quite difficult when the individual lacks knowledge of career opportunities and / or is not fully aware of their talents and abilities. However, the overall career management process is based on the establishment of defined goals / objectives. Utilizing professorships and career paths. Career assessments can range from quick and informal to more indepth. Lookless of the ones you use, you will need to evaluate them. Most valuable findings for free (although good) do not offer an in-depth evaluation.
The time horizon for the achievement of the selected goals or objectives – short term, medium term or long term – will have a major influence on their formulation.
- Short-term goals (one or two years) are usually specific and limited in scope. Short-term goals are easier to formulate. Make sure they are achievable and relate to your career goals.
- Intermediate goals (3 to 20 years) tend to be less specific and more open than short-term goals. Both intermediate and long-term goals are more difficult to formulate than short-term goals because there are so many unknowns about the future.
- Long-term goals (Over 20 years), of course, are the most fluid of all. Lack of life experience and knowledge about potential opportunities and pitfalls make the formulation of long-term goals / objectives very difficult. Long-range goals / objectives, however, may be changed as additional information is received without a great loss of career because of experience / knowledge transfer from one career to another.
- Making career choices and decisions – the traditional focus of careers interventions. The changed nature of work means that individuals can now revisit this process more frequently in the past, more than in the past.
- Managing the organizational career – concerning the career management of the workplace , such as decision-making, life-stage transitions, dealing with stress etc.
- Managing ‘boundaryless’ careers – refers to skills needed by workers.
- Taking control of one’s own development – as employers take the responsibility, employees need to take control of their own development in order to maintain and enhance their employability.
Other elements include:
- Career change ( Ibarra 2003 ) ( Strenger 2008 )
Career planning is a subset of career management. Career planning Applying the concepts of Strategic planning and Marketing to take charge of one’s professional future. Career is an ongoing process and so it needs to be assessed on continuous basis. This process of re-assessing individual learning and development over a period of time is called Career Planning. According to Mondy and Noe – “Career planning is an ongoing process whereby an individual sets career goals and identifies the means to achieve them.”
Importance of career planning
It is important to come up with your career planning as it gives you the much needed direction and makes it clear. It makes you aware of your strength and weaknesses and the skills and knowledge that are required to achieve your goals in the future.
A large proportion of our lives is spent in achieving our career goals, so it is very important to make sure that the steps were taken and correct planning was done in the early years of your life. There are a lot of people who have a good sense of humor. But majority of us are not sure what we want from life and so it’s very important to plan out things. Thus your career and your life, true meaning and purpose.
Process of career planning
The process of career planning is also known as career development. These steps help you in planning your career and deciding about your future. 
Self-assessment is a process that helps you assess your skills, your potential, your strengths and your ability to fulfill your goals. As the name of the step suggest, you assess yourself and then, based on your analyzes and keeping your strengths and weaknesses in mind, you draft your future plan. By drafting your future plan we mean that executing this step helps you to finalize the profession and career path you want to choose. Make sure that you choose and finalize more than one career, keep one or two careers in case you decide to roll back. In case the career you thing does not satisfy you or later in time you come to know that this was not meant for you then you must have a backup plan.
Once you have self-analyzed yourself, the second step that awaits your attention is to fill the loopholes you have identified in the above step. This is a great opportunity for you to be a part of your life. For instance you might decide that you need training or a particular race in order to make you perfect for the profession you have chosen. 
It could be that you are interested in painting but you are not very aware of the trends or the knowledge that is required for this field. If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to contact us.
- A thorough research self-development
When you are looking for a career in business, you need to be able to make the most of your career opportunities. Skills that are required to make you champion in that. You will find:
- What is the scope of the career you have chosen?
- Will that career pay you off in the future?
- Is there room for expansion in that career field?
- Come up with action form
Once you have researched the feasibility of the factors that you have finalized in above steps, the next step is to show some action and translate your plans on a piece of page. This step requires you to make plan as in how you are going to achieve and fulfill the steps you have above. The best way to come with an action plan is to come up with small goals for oneself. Once these small goals are achieved, we can see what we are doing. This small step acts as a way to the hand.
Once you are done with small goals and the right hand, the next step is to start implementing your plans. Keep a close track of your activities to make sure that you are on the right track and that you are surely going to achieve you goal!
- Career Development
- Job interview
- Jump up^ The Career Planning Process, Planning Your Career Step-By-Step, By Dawn Rosenberg McKayhttp://careerplanning.about.com/cs/choosingacareer/a/cp_process.htm
- Jump up^http://www.careercentre.dtwd.wa.gov.au/careerplanning/Pages/CareerPlanning-4StepPlanningProcess.aspx