Organization workshop

The Holland Codes or the Holland Occupational Categories (RIASEC) Refers to a theory of careers and vocational choice (based upon personality type ) That Was INITIALLY developed by American psychologist John L. Holland (1919-2008), Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Johns Hopkins University . [1] [2]

The US Department of Labor ETA has been using the RIASEC model in the “Interests” section of its free online database, the Occupational Information Network (O * NET) , [3] since its inception during the late 1990s . [4] [5]

Background

Holland made a career out of studying the world of work, pioneering the theory that they were aware of their personality type or combination of types – realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising or conventional – then they would be happier workers.

-Amy Lunday [1]

Holland’s theories of vocational choice, The Holland Occupational Themes, “now pervades career counseling research and practice.” [2] Its origins can be traced to an article in the Journal of Applied Psychology in 1958 and a subsequent article in 1959 that set its theory of vocational choices. A sense a veiled expression of underlying character. ” [6] The 1959 article in particular (“A Theory of Vocational Choice,” published in the Journal of Counseling Psychology ) is considered the first major introduction of Holland’s “theory of vocational personalities and work environments.”

Holland originally labeled his six types as “motoric, intellectual, esthetic, supportive, persuasive, and conforming.” [2] He later Developed and changed em to: Realistic (Doers), Investigative (Thinkers), Artistic (Creators), Social (Helpers), Enterprising (Persuaders) and Conventional (Organizers). ” [7] Professor John Johnson of Penn State, which is an alternative way of categorizing the six types: “hunters (Realistic), shamans (Investigative), artisans (Artistic), healers, Enterprising, and lorekeepers . ” [8]

According to the Committee on Scientific Awards, Holland’s “research shows that personalities seek out and fl ourish in career environments. [9] Holland also wrote of his theory that “the choice of a vocation is an expression of personality.” [10] Moreover, while Holland suggests that people can be “categorized as one of six types,” [11] he also argues that a six-category scheme built on the assumption that there are only six kinds of people in the world is A simple ordering of a person ‘.

List of types

R: Doers (Realistic)

People who are “independent, stable, persistent, genuine, practical, and thrifty … no-nonsense, down-to-earth individuals […] physical, athletic, or mechanical.” […] being outdoors, using tools, operating machines, interacting with animals, and working with their hands. ” They also value the “natural, concrete, and tangible.” [13] Sample majors and careers include:

  • Aerospace / Aeronautical Engineer (with Investigative) [14]
  • Agriculture [15]
  • Anthropology / Paleontology (with Investigative) [14]
  • Architect (with Artistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Astronomy (with Investigative) [14]
  • Carpenter (with Conventional and Investigative) [15]
  • Chef (with Enterprising and Artistic) [15]
  • Chemistry / Chemist (with Investigative and Conventional) [15]
  • Computer Engineering / Computer Science / Information Technology / Computer programmer (with Investigative and Conventional) [15] [16]
  • Dance (with Artistic) [14]
  • Dentist (with Investigative and Social) [15]
  • Engineer (with Investigative and Conventional) [15] [16]
  • Environmental science [14]
  • Fashion design (with Artistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Fine Artist, Including Painter, Sculptor and Illustrator (with Artistic) [17]
  • Firefighter (with Social and Enterprising) [15]
  • Graphic designer (with Artistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Interior design (with Artistic) [14]
  • Model (people) (with Artistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Musician (with Artistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Nurse (with Social, Conventional, and Investigative) [15] [16]
  • Park Naturalist (with Social and Artistic) [15]
  • Personal trainer (with Enterprising and Social) [15]
  • Photographer (with Artistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Physical therapy (with Social and Investigative) [15]
  • Driver [15]
  • Surgeon (with Investigative and Social) [15]
  • Veterinarian (with Investigative and Social) [15]
  • Web developer (with Conventional, Artistic, and Investigative) [15]
  • Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (with Investigative) [15]

I: Thinkers (Investigative)

People who are “intellectual, introspective, inquisitive […] curious, methodical, rational, analytical, and logical.” […] They do not have to be a solver, but they do not have to do it. [13] Sample majors and careers include:

  • Actuary (with Conventional and Enterprising) [15] [16]
  • Archivist / Librarian (with Social and Conventional) [15]
  • Carpenter (with Conventional and Realistic) [15]
  • Chemistry / Chemist (with Realistic and Conventional) [15] [16]
  • Computer Engineering / Computer Science / Information Technology / Computer programmer (with Realistic and Conventional) [15] [16]
  • Counselor (with Social and Artistic) [15] [16]
  • Dentist (with Realistic and Social) [15]
  • Dietitian / Nutritionist (with Social and Enterprising) [15]
  • Economics (with Conventional and social) [14]
  • Engineer (with Realistic and Conventional) [15] [16]
  • Finance (with Enterprising and Conventional) [15] [16]
  • Lawyer (with Enterprising and Social) [14] [15]
  • Mathematician (with Artistic)
  • Nurse (with Realistic, Conventional, and Social) [15] [16]
  • Pharmacist (with Social and Conventional), [15]
  • Physical therapy (with Social and Realistic) [15]
  • Physician ( Medical school / Medical research ) (with Social) [15] [16]
  • Physics [16]
  • Professor (all fields) [16]
  • Psychology / Psychologist (with Social and Artistic) [15] [16]
  • Social Work [15]
  • Surgeon (with Realistic and Social) [15]
  • Technical Writer (with Artistic and Conventional) [15]
  • Tutor (with Social) [18]
  • Veterinarian (with Realistic and Social) [15]
  • Web developer (with Conventional, Realistic, and Artistic) [15]
  • Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (with Realistic) [15]

A: Creators (Artistic)

People who are creative, intuitive, sensitive, articulate […], expressive, unstructured, original, nonconforming, and innovative [… which] are spontaneous and open-minded . ” They prefer to “work with ideas, abstractions, and concepts.” They also enjoy work that is ” literary , verbal, visual, and aesthetic ” and excel in “art, music, dance, drawing, painting, sculpting, drafting , writing, drama, communicating , design, fashion. [13] [16] Sample majors and careers include:

  • Architect (with Realistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Broadcast journalism (with Enterprising) [15]
  • Clergy (with Social and Enterprising) [15]
  • Chef (with Enterprising and Realistic) [15]
  • Counselor (with Investigative and Social) [15] [16]
  • Dance (with Realistic) [14]
  • Fashion design (with Realistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Fine Artist, Including Painter, Sculptor and Illustrator (with Realistic) [17]
  • Graphic designer (with Enterprising and Realistic) [15]
  • Interior design (with Realistic) [14]
  • Model (people) (with Realistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Musician (with Enterprising and Realistic) [15]
  • Park Naturalist (with Social and Realistic) [15]
  • Psychology / Psychologist (with Social and Investigative); Art therapist / Dance therapy / Drama Therapy / Music therapy (with social) [15] [16]
  • Public relations (with Enterprising) [15]
  • Photographer (with Realistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Teacher (with Social) [15] [16]
  • Technical Writer (with Investigative and Conventional) [15]
  • Trainer (business) (with Social and Conventional) [15]
  • Web developer (with Conventional, Realistic, and Investigative) [15]

S: Helpers (Social)

People who are kind, generous, cooperative, patient, caring, helpful, empathetic, tactful, and friendly. ” […] humanitarian, educational, philanthropic, interpersonal, and service-oriented. ” [13] Sample majors and careers include:

  • Archivist / Librarian (with Conventional and Investigative) [15]
  • Clergy (with Artistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Community Organizer [16]
  • Counselor (with Investigative and Artistic) [15] [16]
  • Customer service (with Conventional and Enterprising) [15]
  • Dentist (with Investigative and Realistic) [15]
  • Dietitian / Nutritionist (with Investigative and Enterprising) [15]
  • Economics (with Investigative and Conventional) [14]
  • Education (Teacher / Counselor / Administration)
  • Educational administration (with Enterprising and Conventional) [15]
  • Firefighter (with Realistic and Enterprising) [15]
  • Fitness Trainer and Aerobics Teacher (with Enterprising and Realistic) [15]
  • Foreign Service / Diplomacy (with Enterprising and Artistic) [19]
  • Human Resources (with Conventional and Enterprising) [15]
  • Lawyer (with Investigative and Enterprising) [14] [15]
  • Nurse (with Realistic, Conventional, and Investigative) [15] [16]
  • Park Naturalist (with Realistic and Artistic) [15]
  • Pharmacist (with Investigative and Conventional) [15]
  • Physical therapy (with Realistic and Investigative) [15]
  • Physician ( Medical school / Medical research ) (with Investigative) [15] [16]
  • Professor (with Enterprising and Investigative) [20]
  • Psychology / Psychologist (with Investigative and Artistic) [15] [16]
  • Social Advocate [16]
  • Sociology [16]
  • Social Work [15]
  • Surgeon (with Realistic and Investigative) [15]
  • Teacher ( Early childhood education , Primary school , Secondary school , Teaching English as a Second Language , Special Ed , and Substitute teaching ) (with Artistic) [15] [16] [20]
  • Trainer (business) (with Artistic and Conventional) [15]
  • Tutor (with Investigative) [18]
  • Veterinarian (with Investigative and Realistic) [15]

E: Persuaders (Enterprising)

People who are adventurous, ambitious, assertive, extroverted, energetic, enthusiastic, confident …, optimistic, dominant, persuasive, and motivational. They prefer Work That Involves “leadership, business, politics, public speaking […], being white in charge Taking Risks, debating , and competing.” [13] Sample majors and careers include:

  • Actuary (with Investigative and Conventional) [15] [16]
  • Architect (with Artistic and Realistic) [15]
  • Business [16]
  • Buyer [16]
  • Chef (with Realistic and Artistic) [15]
  • Clergy (with Artistic and Social) [15]
  • Customer service (with Conventional and Social) [15]
  • Dietitian / Nutritionist (with Social and Investigative) [15]
  • Educational administration (with Social and Conventional) [15]
  • Contractor [16]
  • Fashion design (with Artistic and Realistic) [15]
  • Finance (with Conventional and Investigative) [15] [16]
  • Foreign Service / Diplomacy (with Social and Artistic) [19]
  • Firefighter (with Social and Realistic) [15]
  • Fitness Trainer and Aerobics Teacher (with Realistic and Social) [15]
  • Fundraising [16]
  • Graphic designer (with Artistic and Realistic) [15]
  • Human Resources (with Conventional and Social) [15]
  • Broadcast journalism (with Artistic) [15]
  • Lawyer (with Investigative and Social) [14] [15]
  • Management / Management Consultant [16]
  • Market Research Analyst [16]
  • Model (people) (with Artistic and Realistic) [15]
  • Musician (with Artistic and Realistic) [15]
  • Photographer (with Artistic and Realistic) [15]
  • Public Relations / Publicity / Advertising / Marketing (with Artistic) [15]
  • Real Estate (with Conventional) [15] [16]
  • Sales (with Conventional and Social) [15]

C: Organizers (Conventional)

People who are “conscientious and conservative […] logical, efficient, orderly […], organized […], thorough, and detail-oriented.” They are individuals who “value accuracy and accuracy.” They excel in “practical tasks, quantitative measurements, and structured environments” and who “follow the rules.” [13] Sample majors and careers include: […] Mathematics, numerical activities, and office settings.

  • Accounting / Tax advisor [16]
  • Actuary (with Investigative and Enterprising) [15] [16]
  • Archivist / Librarian (with Social and Investigative) [15]
  • Carpenter (with Realistic and Investigative) [15]
  • Chemistry / Chemist (with Investigative and Realistic) [15]
  • Computer Engineering / Computer Science / Information Technology / Computer programmer (with Investigative and Realistic) [15] [16]
  • Customer service (with Enterprising and Social) [15]
  • Economics (with Investigative and Social) [14]
  • Educational Administration (with Social and Enterprising) [15]
  • Engineer (with Investigative and Realistic) [15] [16]
  • Finance (with Enterprising and Investigative) [15] [16]
  • Human Resources (with Enterprising and Social) [15]
  • Math teacher [16]
  • Nurse (with Realistic, Social, and Investigative) [15] [16]
  • Pharmacist (with Social and Investigative), [15]
  • Real Estate (with Enterprising) [15] [16]
  • Statistician (with Realistic and Investigative) [15]
  • Technical writer (with Artistic and Investigative) [15]
  • Trainer (business) (with Social and Artistic) [15]
  • Web developer (with Artistic, Realistic, and Investigative) [15]

Notes

  1.  Jump up to:a b “John L. Holland, 1919-2008: A Select Bibliography added to the Tribute & Obituary” . NCDA. 2008-11-27 . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b c d ” The Development, Evolution and Status of Holland’s Theory of Vocational Personalities: Reflections and Future Directions for Counseling Psychology .” Journal of Counseling Psychology , Vol 57 (1), 2010, 11-22.
  3. Jump up^ “O * NET OnLine: Interests” . Occupational Information Network . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  4. Jump up^ Matthew, Mariana (1999). “Replace with a database: O * NET replaces the Dictionary of Occupational Titles” (PDF) . Occupational Outlook Quarterly Online, Spring 1999 Vol. 43, Number 1 . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  5. Jump up^ Rounds, James Patrick (2008). “Second Generation Occupational Interest Profiles for the O * NET System: Summary”(PDF) . The National Center for O * NET Development, June 2008 . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  6. Jump up^ Athanasou, James. “Obituary: John L. Holland 1919-2008”Australian Journal of Career Development, September 22, 2009.
  7. Jump up^ “Holland Codes” (PDF) . New Hampshire Employment Security, Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  8. Jump up^ Johnson, John (2013-06-13). “Selfless Service, Part II: Different Types of Seva” . Psychology Today . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  9. Jump up^ “Award for distinguished scientific applications of psychology: John L. Holland.” American Psychologist, Vol. 63 (8), Nov. 2008, 672-674.
  10. Jump up^ Holland, John. Making Vocational Choices: a theory of careers. (Prentice Hall, 1973): 6.
  11. Jump up^ Holland, John. Making Vocational Choices: a theory of careers. (Prentice Hall, 1973): 2.
  12. Jump up^ Holland, John. Making Vocational Choices: a theory of careers. (Prentice Hall, 1973): 3.
  13. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f “Careers and Personality: Birmingham-Southern College Career Services” (PDF) . Birmingham-Southern College . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  14. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n “OR Career Services: Majors By Holland Codes” . University of Oklahoma . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  15.  I = 124> “State of Delaware: Department of Labor, Office of Occupational and Labor Market Information: Delaware Career Compass Publications” . State of Delaware . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  16. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah have ajak al am an ao ap aq “Career / Major Interests Game ” . Georgetown University . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  17. ^ Jump up to:a b “Advertising and Graphic Design” . Central Piedmont Community College . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .
  18. ^ Jump up to:a b “Summary Report for: 25-3099.02 – Tutors” . Occupational Information Network . Retrieved 2017-06-16 .
  19. ^ Jump up to:a b “Purdue Career Center” (PDF) . Purdue University . Retrieved 2016-05-15 .
  20. ^ Jump up to:a b “Job Environment: Social” . Rogue Community College . Retrieved 2015-12-07 .

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