List of countries by public sector

This is a list of countries by public sector or the share of public sector employees of total employment. Information is based mainly on data from OECD [1] [2] [3] and ILO . [4] If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us.

In the Eastern Bloc countries, the public sector in 1989 accounted for between 70% and 90% of total employment. [5] In China a full 100% of employees Were employed in the public sector by 1978, the year the Chinese economic reform Was lancé, the after-qui rates dropped to 56.4% in 1995 and to 32.8% in 2003. [6]

In the OECD-countries, the average public sector employment rate was 21.3% in 2013. [1]

List

Country OECD (%) [1] [2] [3] ILO (%) [4] Other estimates (%)
 albania 16.6 (2013)
 armenia 21.8 (2013) 17.6 ( World Bank publication, 2009) [7]
 argentina 18.0 (2014) 26.08 (Minister of Labor, July 2016) [8] [9]
 australia 18.4 (2012) 18.4 (2012)
 azerbaijan 25.9 (2013) 21.7 (World Bank publication, 2009) [7]
 bahamas 33.7 (2009)
 bangladesh 4.8 (2010)
 bahrain 8.4 * [a] (Baldwin-Edwards, 2010) [10]
 barbados 22.3 (2013)
 belarus 40.6 (2013) 72.0 (World Bank publication, 2010) [5]
 belgium 21.5 (2013) 21.9 (2014)
 bermuda 10.3 (2010)
 bhutan 17.8 (2012)
 Botswana 16.5 (2010)
 brazil 12.1 (2013) 12.1 (2013)
 bulgaria 24.5 (2013)
 cameroon 4.8 (2010)
 Canada 22.4 (2013) 19.9 (2014)
 chile 10.7 (2013) 10.7 (2013)
 china 29.3 (2004) [6] 50 (2011, Business Insider ) [11]
 colombia 4.1 (2013) 4.0 (2013)
 Costa Rica 15.2 (2013)
 croatia 31.7 (2013)
 Czech Republic 34.0 (2009)
 Cuba 85.2 (2010)
 denmark 34.9 (2011) 31.1 (2014)
 Dominican Republic 12.8 (2013)
 ecuador 9.2 (2013)
 egypt 26.3 (2013)
 El Salvador 8.4 (2013)
 estonia 26.1 (2013) 26.1 (2013)
 ethiopia 20.5 (2012)
 finland 24.4 (2008)
 la France 19.8 (2013) 20.0 (2014)
 georgia 14.4 (2014) 21.1 (World Bank publication, 2009) [7]
 Ghana 6.9 (2010)
 germany 15.4 (2009)
 greece 22.6 (2012) 22.6 (2012)
 Guatemala 6.5 (2014)
 guinea 2.8 (2012)
 hungary 26.8 (2012) 26.8 (2012)
 india 4.7 * [b] (2002) [12]
 Iran 16.9 (2014)
 ireland 24.7 (2013) 24.7 (2013)
 Israel 16.5 (2007)
 italy 17.3 (2013)
 japan 7.9 (2013) 7.9 (2013)
 jordan 33.1 (2004)
 kazakhstan 23.3 (2012) 20.8 (World Bank publication, 2009) [7]
 kuwait 44.6 (2008) 18.5 * [a] (Baldwin-Edwards, 2008) [10]
 kyrgyzstan 15.1 (World Bank publication, 2009) [7]
 latvia 31.2 (2013) 31.2 (2013)
 lithuania 28.6 (2013) 34.0 (World Bank publication, 2010) [5]
 luxembourg 26.1 (2011)
 Macedonia 23.2 (2013)
 Madagascar 2.6 (2012)
 malaysia 16.1 (2014)
 Mali 4.4 (2010)
 mexico 11.8 (2013) 11.9 (2014)
 moldova 26.0 (2014) 41.0 (World Bank publication, 2010) [5]
 mongolia 24.0 (2014)
 Morocco 9.1 (2012)
OECD 21.3 * [c] (2013)
 Oman 14.0 * [a] (Baldwin-Edwards, 2008) [10]
 New Zealand 12.4 (2011)
 Netherlands 21.4 (2005)
 norway 34.6 (2013) 32.8 (2014)
 Panama 15.2 (2014)
 paraguay 9.8 (2014)
 Philippines 7.9 (2014)
 poland 25.2 (2013) 25.2 (2013) 16.0 (World Bank publication, 2010) [5]
 Portugal 16.4 (2013)
 Qatar 11.1 (2010) 12.1 * [a] (Baldwin-Edwards, 2009) [10]
 romania 16.2 (2013) 15.3 ( INS , 2015) [13]
 russia 30.6 (2011)
 Saudi Arabia 35.3 * [a] (Baldwin-Edwards, 2008) [10]
 San Marino 18.7 (2009)
 Senegal 4.7 (2011)
 serbia 31.0 (2013)
 seychelles 36.8 (2011)
 Slovakia 27.2 (2013) 27.2 (2013)
 Slovenia 22.9 (2012) 22.9 (2012)
 South Africa 17.4 (2013) 17.4 (2013)
 South Korea 7.6 (2013)
 spain 17.1 (2013) 17.1 (2013)
 Sri Lanka 15.1 (2012)
 sweden 28.1 (2013) 28.9 (2014)
switzerland 18.0 (2013) 18.0 (2013)
 tajikistan 33.0 (World Bank publication, 2010) [5]
 tanzania 3.5 (2013)
 thailand 19.4 (2014)
 turkey 12.9 (2011)
 Ukraine 21.7 (2012) 21.7 (2012)
 United Kingdom 23.5 (2013) 23.5 (2013)
 United States 14.6 (2008)
 Uruguay 14.9 (2014)
 Venezuela 20.1 (2013)
 Vietnam 10.3 (2014)
 zambia 6.7 (2010)
 Zimbabwe 6.9 (2011)
  1. ^ Jump up to:e GCC estimates by Baldwin-Edwards are a proportion of employment. The employment of nationals in the state sector, with migrant workers dominating the private sector.
  2. Jump up^ India’s public sector still accounted for 69% of the country’sworkforce.
  3. Jump up^ OECD average for 2013 does not include Australia, Czech Republic, Germany, South Korea, Ireland and Portugal.

See also

  • Public sector
  • List of countries by employment rate
  • List of countries by labor force

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c OECD (2015). “Employment in the public sector” . Government at a Glance 2015 . Paris: OECD Publishing.
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b OECD (2013). “Employment in general government and public corporations” . Government at a Glance 2013 . Paris: OECD Publishing.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b OECD (2011). “Employment in General Government and Public Corporations” . Government at a Glance 2011 . Paris: OECD Publishing.
  4. ^ Jump up to:a b “Share of employment in the public sector by sex (%)” . International Labor Organization . Retrieved 20 October 2015 .
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f Omar S. Arias, Carolina Sánchez-Páramo, María E. Dávalos, Indhira Santos, Erwin R. Tiongson, Carola Gruen, Natasha Andrade Falcão, Gady Saiovici, Cesar A. Cancho ( 2014). Back to Work: Growing with Jobs in Europe and Central Asia . World Bank Publications. pp. 86, 101. ISBN  9780821399118 .
  6. ^ Jump up to:a b Zeng, Jin (2013). State-Led Privatization in China: The Politics of Economic Reform . Routledge. pp. 52-53. ISBN  9781134464890 .
  7. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Indermit S. Gill, Ivailo Izvorski, Willem van Eeghen, Donato De Rosa (2014). Diversified Development: Making the Most of Natural Resources in Eurasia . World Bank Publications. p. 164. ISBN  9781464801204 .
  8. Jump up^ The destrucción of empleo privado is compensated con más trabajo en el Estado
  9. Jump up^ Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Security – Situation and Evolution of Total Registered Workers
  10. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Baldwin-Edwards, Martin (2011). “Labor migration and labor markets in the GCC countries: national patterns and trends.” Kuwait Program on Development, Governance and Globalization in the Gulf States . London: The London School of Economics and Political Science. 15 : 15.
  11. Jump up^ “CHART OF THE DAY: Guess Which Country Has The Highest Percentage Of Workers Employed By The Government” . Business Insider . Retrieved 2017-02-09 .
  12. Jump up^ Kumar, Rajiv (2008). India and the Global Economy . Academic Foundation. p. 246. ISBN  9788171886616 .
  13. Jump up^ “84 pct of Romania’s employed population work in the private sector, says INS” . Business Review . 30 April 2015.

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