Legal working age

The legal working age is the minimum age required by law for a person to work, in each country or jurisdiction .

Some types of labor are commonly prohibited even for those above the working age, if they have not reached the age of majority . Activities That are dangerous, harmful to the health or That May Affect the morals of minors fall into this category.


This list is incomplete ; You can help by expanding it .
Country Legal Working Age
 Kenya 13 (Easy Work)
16 (Restricted working hours and the type of work)
18 (Unrestricted) [1]


This list is incomplete ; You can help by expanding it .
Country Legal Working Age
 china 16
 taiwan 15: A worker over fifteen years old, but less than sixteen years old, will be considered as a child worker.
16: No child laborer and no worker less than eighteen years old is likely to be dangerous or hazardous in nature.
18: (Unrestricted). [2]
 Iran 15: Easy Work
18: Hard Work
21 (Unrestricted) [3]
 malaysia 14: Easy Work.
16: (Unrestricted). [4]
 indonesia 13: Minimum Employment age.
15: Restricted working hours and the type of work.
18: (Unrestricted). [5]
 Philippines 15: (Restricted working hours and the type of work)
18: (Unrestricted) [6]
 singapore 13: Generally, a child must be at least 13 years of age before he can start working. The minimum legal age for working in Singapore is governed by the Employment and Employment Act and Regulations, and is enforced by the Ministry of Manpower.
15: Young persons above 15 may work in an industrial environment. However, the employer must notify the Commissioner of Labor within 30 days of his employment, and submit a medical certificate certifying his fitness for work.
16: Generally speaking, a person who is above the age of 16 is not a child or a young person, and is considered an adult worker (Unrestricted). [7]
 Vietnam 15


Country Legal Working Age
 albania 14: (
Unrestricted) [8]
 andorra 14: (
Maximum 8 hours per day, with minimum 1 hours break, Minimum 2 following days Of rest per week)
18: (Unrestricted) [9]
 armenia 16: (Unrestricted; No person under the age of 16 is allowed to work in Armenia) [10]
 austria 14: (With restrictions
restrictions assuming compulsory school years have been finished)
18: Unrestricted [11]
 belarus 18
 belgium 15: (Must have completed 2 years of secondary education; restricted to light work)
16: (only light work)
18 Unrestricted
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 15: Restricted working hours
18: (Unrestricted) [12]
 bulgaria (Strictly regulated)
15: (Strictly regulated
18: (Unrestricted) [13]
 croatia 15: (Restricted by the Labor Laws)
18: (Unrestricted) [14]
 cyprus 15: (Restricted by the Labor Laws)
18: (Unrestricted)
 Czech Republic 14: (
Restricted occupations and working hours)
18: (Unrestricted) [15]
 denmark None: (Only for activities in the artistic or cultural field HOWEVER, he police authorization must be Obtained thesis for activities in advance..)
13 (Children 13-15 years of age May only perform light work, That Is not in the vicinity . of machinery The working time May be it school days and up to 2 hours on other days up to 7 hours In school-free weeks, up the working time must not Exceed 35 hours per week)..
15: (Young people up to The maximum working week can be spent between 18.00 and 6.00 clock on weekdays between 14.00 and 6.00 clock on holidays or Sundays. Exceed 40 hours.)
18: (Unrestricted) [16]
 estonia 13: A Person aged 13 may work under restrictions and parental permission.
15: Minimum Employment age. Minors under the age of 18 are restricted with working hours and certain occupations.
18: Unrestricted. [17]
 finland 14: Someone aged 14 may practice “light work”.
15: Minimum Employment age. Minors under the age of 18 are restricted with working hours and certain occupations.
18: Unrestricted. [18]
 la France 14: (only for light work, regulated by the Labor Code ; No working at night; Strict time limits; Parental permission is needed)
16: (No working at night; Strict time limits; Parental permission is needed)
18: (Unrestricted) [19]
 germany 13: (with parental permission and only easy work for example: paper round)
15: (Part-time work with less than 8 hours per day and maximum 40 hours per week; In an imperiling environment). Further restrictions for work break and minimum vacation days.
18: Unrestricted [20]
 hungary 16: (The Hungarian Labor Code allows for the employment of people over 16 years old.) Young workers apply a two-year period of protection: at the time of their working time must not exceed 8 hours.
18: (Unrestricted) [21] If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.
 iceland 13: (. Only safe and easy work Subject to restrictions on working time related to mandatory schooling.) [22]
16: (Employers-have a duty to protect young workers from working in difficulty and dangerous Conditions In Some Sectors aussi apply to restrictions on Working time.)
18: (Unrestricted) [23]
 ireland 14: (People aged under 16 years are not allowed to work full-time (full-time) The work of persons entre les ages of 14 and 15 years must be Obliged to comply with requirements.
• perform light work During the holidays – 16: (People aged ) : A person who has a job
or a job as an apprentice, 16 and 17 years old can only work between 6.00 and 22.00.) 18: (Unrestricted.) [24]
 italy 15: (Restricted working hours and the type of work.)
18: (Unrestricted) [25]
 latvia 15: (People between 15 and 18 years of age may work more than 7 hours a day and 35 hours per week (including time learning – if they learn). aussi prohibited to employee minors under terms qui May Threaten Their health, safety and morals Interestingly, workers aged under 18 are Entitled to a month’s leave, in Their case does not apply or trial periods)..
18: (Unrestricted) [26]
 Liechtenstein 14: (For light it is feasible to hire 14-year-olds – but not along than 9 hours per week During the school year and 15 hours a week During the holidays.)
15: (People aged over 15 purpose under 18 May work No more than 40 hours per week.)
18: (Unrestricted) [27]
 lithuania 14: (Under certain conditions it is also possible to employ people over 14 years old but under 16 years of age. They have the right to perform easy work – during the school year for no more than two hours during the day and 12 hours A week during the holidays – 7 hours a day and 35 hours per week.)
16: (Persons who have completed 16 years but have not reached the age of majority no more than 8 hours per day and 36 hours per week .)
18: (Unrestricted) [28]
 malta 16: (Until they reach adulthood under the special protection of the law – are entitled to work up to 8 hours per day and 40 per week. Work between the hours of 22 and 6 am.)
18: (Unrestricted) [29]
 Netherlands 13: ( Persons under 16 years of age, with
the minimum wage.)
15: (Persons over 16 years but less than 18 years, has most of the rights . and obligations as workers age HOWEVER, you will not be ble to work in harmful circumstances – Including noise, cramped quarters and with toxic substances).
18: (Unrestricted) [30]
 norway 15: (Restricted working hours and the type of work.) 13: (People aged over 13 but under 15 years of age may be employed only for light work that does not endanger the health, development, and does not interfere with learning. [31]
18: (Unrestricted) [32]
 poland None: (Cultural and artistic field)
16: (Light work only)
18: (Unrestricted) [33]
 Portugal 16: (Restricted working hours and the type of work.)
18: (Unrestricted) [34]
 russia None: (Artistic field only, Must have parental permission, Restricted working hours and shortened working week, must not interfere with school education or violate public morality)
14: (
Restricted working hours)
18: Unrestricted ( Restricted working hours) 16: (Light work only.
 serbia 18
 spain 16: (Must have parental permission)
18: Unrestricted
 sweden None: (Only artistic field and some light risk jobs.
13: (
Restricted working hours)
18: (Unrestricted) [35]
switzerland Age 13: (Must have parental permission, only easy work)

  • During school weeks: Maximum 3 hours per day; And 9 hours per week.
  • During non-school weeks: Maximum 8 hours per day; And 40 hours per week.

Age 15: (Must have parental permission)

  • Maximum 9 hours per day; And 45-50 hours per week. Working maximum until 8 pm

Age 16: Minimum age to serve someone in restaurants, coffee or hotels. Minimum age to work in a circus or cinema.

  • Working maximum until 10 pm

Age 18: Unrestricted (Bars, Discos, Dancinghalls and Nightclubs) [36]

 United Kingdom 13: (For restricted part-time work, with some restrictions like not working before 7am or after 7pm, during school hours, in a hazardous environment, Education and not to minimum wage)16: (
To work at a licensed premises of alcoholic beverages such as pubs, bars and night clubs) [37]

North America

Country Legal Working Age
 Antigua and Barbuda 14: (Restricted working hours)
18: (Unrestricted) [38]
 bahamas 14: (Employment during school hours is prohibited; four hours, in a non-school day, for not more than eight hours, in a non-school week, for not more than forty hours).
18: (Unrestricted) [39]
 barbados 16: (
Unrestricted) [40] (Employment with school hours prohibited )
 British Virgin Islands
[ Show ]Legal working age by Province
 Caribbean Netherlands
 Cayman Islands
 Costa Rica
  • 16
 dominica 12: (No person shall take in any occupation whatsoever any child, but a child may be employed in the domestic work or agricultural work of a light at home by the parents or guardian of the child.)
18: (Unrestricted) [52]
 Dominican Republic
 El Salvador 18: (Unrestricted) [53]
Children below the age 14 are not allowed to enter the workforce. Minors between the ages of 14 and 18 may work with permission from the Ministry of Labor if their employment is indispensable to either themselves or their family.
 jamaica 16
 mexico 14: (Restricted working hours and the type of work)
18: (Unrestricted) [54]
 Puerto Rico
 Saint Barthelemy
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Sint Maarten
 Trinidad and Tobago 14
 Turks and Caicos Islands
 United States
[ Show ]Federal legal working age legislation
[ Show ]State laws: Alabama-Hawaii
[ Show ]State laws: Idaho-Massachusetts
[ Show ]State laws: Michigan-New Mexico
[ Show ]State laws: New York-South Dakota
[ Show ]State laws: Tennessee-Wyoming, Puerto Rico


This list is incomplete ; You can help by expanding it .
Country Legal Working Age
 australia Varies by state and territory (Although mostly 15) [72]
 New Zealand 16: (Restricted working hours)
18: For Full Time Work
20: No Restrictions [73]

South America

Country Legal Working Age
 bolivia 10: Independent work (eg street selling) with parent permission and government supervision
12: Contract work (for a boss) with parent permission and government supervision; No more than 6 hours per day, not during school hours, and if it does not interfere with schooling
 argentina It is forbidden to employ workers under 18 years of age for arduous, unhealthy, or hazardous work.
14: The working week for young workers between 14 and under 16 years of age should be more than 6 hours per day and 36 hours per week.
16: Young workers aged over 16 but under 18 years of age, have the right to work during normal business hours!
18: Unrestricted [74]
 brazil In Brazil, any work for minors under 16 years of age is forbidden, except the apprentices, who can start working at 14 years old. Until the age of 18, it is strictly prohibited for the teenagers to work at night or in dangerous or unhealthy conditions. [75]
14: Only apprentices can start working. It’s forbidden to work in any other job.
16: Teenagers are allowed to work in any job, but they are prohibited to work at night or in dangerous or unhealthy conditions.
18: Unrestricted.

See also

  • Child labor
  • Index of youth rights-related articles
  • Minimum Age Convention, 1973
  • School leaving age
  • Youth
  • Youth suffrage
  • Youth rights
  • Age of candidacy


  1. Jump up^
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  3. Jump up^ “Iran Labor Law” . Retrieved 28 September 2016 .
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  8. Jump up^ Neni 98 – Mosha minimal. Minimum working age inAlbania.
  9. Jump up^ Llei 8/2003, del 12 de juny, sober and treball contract. . Minimum working age inAndorra.
  11. Jump up^ Kinder- und Jugendlichen-Beschäftigungsgesetz 1987, Fassung vom 09.01.2017. Minimum working age inAustria.
  12. Jump up^ ZAKON O RADUMinimum working age inBosnia and Herzegovina.
  13. Jump up^ Protection of minors (EU). Minimum working age inBulgaria.
  14. Jump up^ Zakon o raduMinimum working age inCroatia.
  15. Jump up^ zákon c. 65/1965Minimum working age inCzech Republic(Labor law).
  16. Jump up^ Bekendtgørelse om unges arbejdeMinimum working age inDenmark(Labor law).
  17. Jump up^ Töölepingu seadus § 7. Töölepingu sõlmimine alaealisegaThe Employment Contracts Act § 7 Conclusion of an employment contract with a minor (Estonia).
  18. Jump up^ Nuori työntekijä: Alle 15-vuotiaan töihinottoEmployment laws (Finland).
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  21. Jump up^ . Missing or empty( help ) |title=
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  36. Jump up^ Jugendarbeitsschutz – Schweizer EidgenossenschaftPublication of the “Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft (SECO)”(State secretary of economy)and “Federal Department für Wirtschaft, Bildung und Forschung (WBF)”(Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research).
  37. Jump up^ “What kinds of work can be done by children aged 13?” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  38. Jump up^ Labor CodeDIVISION E: Women, Young People and Children (Employment) (Antigua and Barbuda)
  39. Jump up^ Employment Act, 2001PART X – CHILDREN AND YOUNG PERSONS (Bahamas).
  40. Jump up^ Employment (Miscellaneous Provisions) ActPART III: Employment of young persons (Barbados)
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  45. Jump up^ Employment of Children (Newfoundland and Labrador)
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  47. Jump up^ “Minimum age” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
  48. Jump up^ Province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. “Labor: Employment Standards” . Retrieved 28 July 2015 .
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  52. Jump up^ EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN (PROHIBITION) ACTProhibition of employment of a child. (Dominica)
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  58. Jump up^ The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended 29 USC 201, and seq: Sec. 213 (c) (5) (B) (ii); Dry. 213 (c) (5) (B) (iv) (III);Dry. 213 (c) (5) (C) (i) 🙁 I), (II); Dry. 213 (c) (7) (A) (ii) (II)
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  64. Jump up^ CALIFORNIA CHILD LABOR LAWS(CaliforniaDepartment of Labor). Retrieved 25.12.2014.
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  73. Jump up^ [2]New Zealand Department of Labor
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  75. Jump up^ “Sou menor of idade, quando posso começar a trabalhar?” (In Portuguese). Exame . 30 April 2015 . Retrieved 2 February 2017 .

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